Endosulfan has been used globally as a pesticide since the 1950s to control a variety of insects including whiteflies, aphids, leafhoppers, Colorado potato beetles, and cabbage worms. De tekst is beschikbaar onder de licentie. Het heeft een kenmerkende geur als van terpentijn. Een andere mogelijkheid is dat een van de hydroxymethylgroepen aan de zijde van de C2-brug bevindt en de ander aan de zijde van de C1-brug. Het breekt slechts langzaam af en kan zich opstapelen in de voedselketen, waarbij de concentratie zo hoog kan worden dat er vergiftigingsverschijnselen optreden. Search, rescue, and salvage efforts were suspended when the endosulfan shipment was discovered, and blood samples from divers at the scene were sent to Malaysia for analysis. World Services - Offering Endosulfan Insecticide, Keetnashak, कीटनाशक in Chennai, Tamil Nadu. 13 May 2011. Beschikking van de Commissie van 2 december 2005 betreffende de niet-opneming van endosulfan in bijlage I bij Richtlijn 91/414/EEG van de Raad en de intrekking van de toelating voor gewasbeschermingsmiddelen die deze werkzame stof bevatten, https://nl.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Endosulfan&oldid=51762600, Wikipedia:Wel afbeelding lokaal en geen op Wikidata, Creative Commons Naamsvermelding/Gelijk delen, 1,2,3,4,7,7-hexachloor-8,9,10-trinorborn-2-een-5,6-yleendimethylsulfiet. 8 Aug 2011 SENASA", Speaking the Truth Saves Lives in the Philippines and India, "Pesticide residues in food 2006 - Joint FAO/WHO Meeting on Pesticide Residues", "Effect of Endosulfan on Male Reproductive Development", "Persistent Pesticides in Human Breast Milk and Cryptorchidism", "Maternal Residence Near Agricultural Pesticide Applications and Autism Spectrum Disorders among Children in the California Central Valley", The pesticides endosulfan, toxaphene, and dieldrin have estrogenic effects on human estrogensensitive cells, "Induction of DNA damage and erroneous repair can explain genomic instability caused by endosulfan", Western Airborne Contaminants Assessment Project, "Briefing Note on the 5th Meeting of the POPRC", "UN targets widely-used pesticide endosulfan for phase out", "Form for submission of information specified in Annex E", "Beltangady: Endosulfan Affected Leading Hellish Life — Seek Succour", 'Rain man' of Indian journalism makes sure wells stay full, "SUMMARY OF THE FOURTH MEETING OF THE CONFERENCE OF THE PARTIES TO THE ROTTERDAM CONVENTION", "India Together: Endosulfan victims: Kerala owns up - 12 September 2006", "MP govt backs VS ban demand - Indian Express", "Rana Wants Withdrawal of NIOH Study on Endosulfan", "Rajendra Singh Rana, MP, Bhavnagar calls for withdrawal of NIOH report on Endosulfan", "Local MLA speaks in support of Bhavnagar Endosulfan Workers", "Workers demand withdrawal of study on Endosulfan", Notification Endosulphan, accessed Nov 19th, 2010, "India will not ban Endosulfan pesticide, says Sharad Pawar", "REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE TO EVALUATE THE SAFETY ASPECTS OF ENDOSULFAN Department", "REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE TO EVALUATE THE SAFETY ASPECTS OF ENDOSULFAN", "A critique of the epidemiological studies on health in allegedly endosulfan", "Allow use of endosulfan except in Kerala and Karnataka", "India to Phase Out Use of Endosulfan by 2017: Government", "Divers' blood samples sent to Singapore for analysis", "DoH bans eating of fish from Romblon waters", Benefits of Endosulfan in Agricultural Production: Analysis of Usage Information, "Letter to EPA re: Petitions to Revoke All Tolerances Established for Endosulfan; Federal Register: August 20, 2008 (Volume 73, Number 162). The government will now invoke the provisions of the Insecticides Act, 1968 (a Central act) and write a letter to the Union Government about the ban. This page was last edited on 3 January 2021, at 22:35. Endosulfan products are not registered for home garden use. Bij zware gevallen kan bewusteloosheid en dood volgen. [57], The compound breaks down into endosulfan sulfate, endosulfan diol, and endosulfan furan, all of which have structures similar to the parent compound and, according to the EPA, "are also of toxicological concern…The estimated half-lives for the combined toxic residues (endosulfan plus endosulfan sulfate) [range] from roughly 9 months to 6 years." [69][70] The Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) welcomed this order, and called it a 'resounding defeat' for the pesticide industry which has been promoting this deadly toxin. Its effect remains for a short span of time and does not harm the predators of the beneficial insects. Handelsnamen zijn onder andere: … it can travel long distances from where it is used. Sign In. 00 not enter or allow worker entry into treated areas during the restricted entry interval of 24 hours. The Pollution Control Board of the Government of Kerala, prohibited the use of endosulfan in the state of Kerala on 10 November 2010. Docket ID No. In Nederland was het gebruik van endosulfan reeds eerder verboden. 2011: The Supreme Court of India banned manufacture, sale, and use of toxic pesticide endosulfan in India. Technisch endosulfan (bruine kristallijne schilfers) is een mengsel van twee stereo-isomeren, alfa- en bèta-endosulfan. Beta - endosulfan appears as brown crystals. : 27306-78-1 Other Names: endosulfan MF: (C2H4O)n.C11H30O3Si3 EINECS No. De LD50-waarde ligt tussen de 30 en 80 mg/kg. Het heeft een kenmerkende geur als van terpentijn. [84] On January 10, 2017, The Supreme Court ordered the State Governments to release the remaining undisbursed payment of compensation quantified (Rupees Five lakhs each) to all the affected persons within three months.[85]. Numerous in vitro studies have documented its potential to disrupt hormones and animal studies have demonstrated its reproductive and developmental toxicity, especially among males. No epidemiological studies link exposure to endosulfan specifically to cancer in humans, but in vitro assays have shown that endosulfan can promote proliferation of human breast cancer cells. "[60] In May 2011, the Stockholm Convention committee approved the recommendation for elimination of production and use of endosulfan and its isomers worldwide. Endosulfan, Ban on Endosulfan, Hazardous Effects of Endosulfan, Pesticide Regulatory Regime in India, ... Endosulfan is an organochlorine insecticide — a Persistent Organic Pollutant. Afbraakproducten van endosulfan zijn onder meer endosulfandiol en endosulfansulfaat, dat even giftig is als endosulfan. [74][75] She was a part of the delegation with Bhavnagar MP, Rajendra Singh Rana, which submitted a memorandum to the district collector's office to withdraw the NIOH report calling for ban of endosulfan. Endosulfan is a broad spectrum contact insecticide and acaricide registered for use on a wide variety of vegetables, fruits, cereal grains, and cotton, as well as ornamental shrubs, trees, vines, and ornamentals for use in commercial agricultural settings. [94] The following year, Pesticide Action Network and NRDC petitioned the EPA to ban endosulfan,[95] and a coalition of environmental and labor groups sued the EPA seeking to overturn its 2002 decision to not ban endosulfan. [7] It has been used extensively on cotton, potatoes, tomatoes, and apples according to the EPA. In a 2016 study[55] by the Department of Biochemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore published in Carcinogenesis, endosulfan was found to induce reactive oxygen species (ROS) in a concentration and time-dependent manner leading to double-stranded breaks in the DNA and also found to favour subsequent erroneous DNA repair. Overall, this will lead to its elimination from the global markets. Any insect population may contain individuals naturally resistant to ENDOSULFAN EC and other group code 2A insecticides. Join Free For Buyer. China Endosulfan van het insecticide de 35% EG, 350g/l de EG – Zoek prijs en voltooi details over endosulfan,endosulfan de eg,endosulfan 35% producten van leverancier of fabrikant - Shanghai Bosman Industrial Co., Ltd.. Endosulfan is a ubiquitous environmental contaminant. : 27306-78-1 Place of Origin: Anhui, China (Mainland) State: Powder Purity: 95% Application: Insecticide Brand Name: Biocrop Color: White Formulation: 95%TC [21][65] This flared up the protest,[66][67][68] and while India still maintained its stance, the global conference decided on a global ban, for which India asked a remission for 10 years. (a) Schmidt WF, Hapeman CJ, Fettinger JC, Rice CP, and Bilboulian S. Robert L. Metcalf "Insect Control" in Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry" Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, 2002. [61], Although classified as a yellow label (highly toxic) pesticide by the Central Insecticides Board, India is one of the largest producers[62] and the largest consumer of endosulfan in the world. Relative to the control group, the exposed boys had high levels of endosulfan in their bodies, lower levels of testosterone, and delays in reaching sexual maturity. Birth defects of the male reproductive system, including cryptorchidism, were also more prevalent in the study group. The researchers concluded, "our study results suggest that endosulfan exposure in male children may delay sexual maturity and interfere with sex hormone synthesis. [51][52], A 2007 study by the California Department of Public Health found that women who lived near farm fields sprayed with endosulfan and the related organochloride pesticide dicofol during the first eight weeks of pregnancy are several times more likely to give birth to children with autism. The statement adds, "However, given the fact that the endosulfan market is quite small and the cost of developing and submitting additional data high, we have decided to voluntarily negotiate an agreement with EPA that provides growers with an adequate time frame to find alternatives for the damaging insect pests currently controlled by endosulfan." [77] Indian Union Minister of Agriculture Sharad Pawar has ruled out implementing a similar ban at the national level despite the fact that endosulfan has banned in 63 countries, including the European Union, Australia, and New Zealand. The Times of India", "Endosulfan: nuevas medidas para la importación, elaboración y uso en Argentina. [5], US apples with endosulfan are now allowed to be exported to Taiwan, although the ROC government denied any US pressure on it. Melting point 208-210°C. Levels of endosulfan residues on food in the U.S. Interim report on endosulfan submitted by expert committee to the Supreme Court of India, Aug 4, 2011, Weeping wombs of Kasaragod Tehelka Magazine, Vol 8, Issue 18, Dated 07 May 2011, Octamethylene-bis(5-dimethylcarbamoxyisoquinolinium bromide), Adrenosterone (11-ketoandrostenedione, 11-oxoandrostenedione), DHEA (androstenolone, prasterone; 5-DHEA), 7α-Methyl-19-norandrostenedione (MENT dione, trestione), 11β-Methyl-19-nortestosterone dodecylcarbonate, Normethandrone (methylestrenolone, normethisterone), Oxabolone cipionate (oxabolone cypionate), Methylclostebol (chloromethyltestosterone), Andarine (acetamidoxolutamide, androxolutamide, GTx-007, S-4), Enobosarm (ostarine, MK-2866, GTx-024, S-22), 3-Methyl-19-methyleneandrosta-3,5-dien-17β-ol, 10β,17β-Dihydroxyestra-1,4-dien-3-one (DHED), 16β,17α-Epiestriol (16β-hydroxy-17α-estradiol), 17α-Epiestriol (16α-hydroxy-17α-estradiol), Epiestriol (16β-epiestriol, 16β-hydroxy-17β-estradiol), Fosfestrol (diethylstilbestrol diphosphate), Furostilbestrol (diethylstilbestrol difuroate), Triphenylmethylethylene (triphenylpropene), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Endosulfan&oldid=998119804, Persistent organic pollutants under the Stockholm Convention, Articles with dead external links from October 2010, Articles with dead external links from September 2010, Articles with dead external links from June 2016, Articles with dead external links from September 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Chemical articles with multiple compound IDs, Multiple chemicals in an infobox that need indexing, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 70 to 100 °C (158 to 212 °F; 343 to 373 K), 2000: Home and garden use in the United States was terminated by agreement with the, 2007: International steps were taken to restrict the use and trade of endosulfan. EPA Bans Pesticide Found on Cucumbers, Zucchini, Green Beans and Other Vegetables. [96][97], Australia banned endosulfan on October 12, 2010,[98][99][100] with a two-year phase-out for stock of endosulfan-containing products. Agency of Toxic Substances and Disease Registry. Het maakt voor de reactie niet uit welke van de twee isomeren van but-2-een-1,4-diol gebruikt wordt. Blootstelling effecten hebben op het centrale zenuwstelsel en het bloed population may contain individuals naturally resistant endosulfan! Synthese van endosulfan reeds eerder verboden are known popularly as I and II TC Specifications CAS NO issued use! The Karnataka government also banned the consumption of fish caught in the environment is... Giftig voor waterorganismen, het tast onder andere de lever en de hersenen van vissen aan not harm predators. Nederland was het gebruik van endosulfan reeds eerder verboden has temporarily banned the consumption fish! 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